Navigating The Surging Copper Market As Prices Approach All Time High (ATH)

Navigating The Surging Copper Market As Prices Approach All Time High (ATH)

Copper prices have been on a remarkable ascent, reaching unprecedented heights driven by a combination of supply constraints, robust demand, and speculative interest. As of now, copper prices have surged to a two-year high of USD4.83 per pound (USD10,090.00 per tonne), reflecting a bullish market sentiment despite underlying challenges. We’ve written about the supply and demand of copper in the past, with most forecasters predicting a rise in prices over the long-term. It seems we are now watching some of those forces play out. So what is really happening with the copper market, what it could mean for the future of pricing, and how will recycling play its part?

Drivers of Copper Price Increases

Several factors contribute to the current copper price surge:

  1. Supply Deficit and Mine Depletion: The global copper supply is struggling to keep up with burgeoning demand. According to Saad Rahim, Chief Economist at Trafigura, there could be a 4.5 million tonne supply gap by the end of this decade, equating to a 35% shortfall. Recent mine disruptions have removed around 1MT of mine supply from this year’s balance alone. This deficit is exacerbated by aging mines and the slow pace of new mining projects, leading to declining ore quality and production challenges.
  2. Boom in Demand: The transition to renewable energy and the rise of technologies like artificial intelligence are driving unprecedented demand for copper. Electric vehicles (EVs), power grids, and other green technologies require significant amounts of copper, adding pressure to the already tight supply.
  3. Speculative Interest: Increased speculative trading has also played a role in driving copper prices higher. Market participants are closely monitoring the situation, with some predicting further increases due to the ongoing supply-demand imbalance.

Future Projections for Copper

The outlook for copper remains bullish, with prices potentially breaking all-time highs. Analysts from ANZ Group Holdings Ltd. suggest that prices need to stay around $12,000 per tonne to achieve a 10% return on a 300,000-tonne mine. Despite these optimistic forecasts, there are concerns about the sustainability of the rally, especially with potential profit-taking and the possibility of demand destruction in key markets like China.

Supply Forecasts

The supply forecast for copper highlights significant challenges. Existing mines are struggling to maintain production levels, and new mining projects are not coming online quickly enough to fill the gap. This stagnation in supply growth, coupled with increasing demand, points to a prolonged period of high prices and potential shortages.

Romco’s View

There is a strong argument for sustained long-term copper demand increases — particularly in light of its critical role in sustainable and technological infrastructure. Whether supply growth will meet that demand is a question more difficult to answer under current scenarios. Romco has positioned itself as one of many solutions to these market dynamics with copper recycling infrastructure being built over the past two years. As traditional mining faces hurdles, recycling becomes an increasingly vital part of the copper supply chain.


Post-consumer Copper and Aluminium scrap from used car radiators ready for processing at the Romco Recycling Facility, Prampram, Ghana.


Here’s how Romco Metals plans to participate in the copper market moving forward:

  1. Sustainable Supply Source: By focusing on recycling, Romco Metals provides a sustainable and environmentally friendly source of copper. With global trends towards green technologies and circular economies, and copper playing a major role in that space, reducing the environmental impact to produce copper becomes increasingly attractive.
  2. Reduced Dependence on Mining: Recycling mitigates the issues associated with mine depletion and the slow pace of new mining projects. Romco Metals can supply copper without the long lead times and environmental impact associated with primary resource extraction.
  3. Meeting Demand: As the demand for copper continues to rise, Romco Metals’ ability to recycle and provide high-quality copper can help bridge the supply gap. This not only supports market stability but also offers a reliable alternative to primary copper production.

The Overall Picture

The copper market is undergoing a significant transformation driven by supply constraints, robust demand, and speculative trading. With prices reaching new heights and forecasts indicating continued pressure on supply, the role of recycling becomes ever more critical. Recyclers like Romco stand at the forefront of this shift, providing sustainable and efficient copper recycling solutions that align with the demands of a rapidly changing market.


Further Reading:

1. Trafigura’s Chief Economist Saad Rahim on the copper supply gap
2. Benchmark Minerals analysis on copper supply and demand
3. ANZ Group Holdings Ltd. analysts on supply growth stagnation
4. report on copper price dynamics
5. Benchmark Minerals’ insights from CESCO Week Santiago